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Name Change in India step by step process

India, a country with a rich history and diverse culture, has a legal system that allows its citizens to change their names. Whether it’s due to marriage, personal preference, or other reasons, the process is governed by specific laws and regulations. This article provides a detailed guide on how to legally change your name in India.

  • Submitting an Affidavit: A person seeking to change their name must submit an affidavit in the prescribed format to a judicial magistrate or a notary public
  • Newspaper Publication: After the affidavit is submitted, it needs to be published in at least two local newspapers (one in the local language and one in English) and a copy of the publication needs to be submitted to the government gazette
  • Government Gazette Publication: After publishing in newspapers, the affidavit will be published in the government gazette
  • Applying for new documents: Once the name is changed legally, a person must apply for new documents such as passport, driving license, Aadhar card, etc.

Affidavit Format for Name Change

I, [Name of Affiant], solemnly affirm under penalty of perjury that:

  • I am over the age of eighteen (18) and am competent to make this affidavit
  • My current legal name is [Current Legal Name], which is reflected on all of my legal documents, including my birth certificate, passport, driver’s license, and social security card
  • I desire to change my legal name to [New Legal Name]
  • The reason for my name change is [Reason for Name Change]
  • I have been commonly known as [New Legal Name] for [Length of Time] years
  • I am not changing my name for any fraudulent purpose and am not seeking to avoid any debts, legal obligations, or responsibilities by changing my name
  • I request that my new legal name, [New Legal Name], be recognised by all government agencies, financial institutions, and other organisations.

I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.

[Signature of Affiant]

Changing Your Name on Your PAN Card

  1. Visit the NSDL PAN website or the UTIITSL website.
  2. Select ‘Change/Correction in PAN card details’.
  3. Enter your PAN Card number, fill in other details, and click ‘Submit’.
  4. Enter required details on the form.
  5. Enter your changed/updated name.

Changing Your Name on Your Aadhaar Card

  • Visit the Aadhaar portal at [UIDAI](^9^).
  • Click on ‘Login’ using registered mobile number and OTP.
  • Click on ‘Update Aadhaar online’ under ‘Service’ section.
  • Select ‘Edit name’ option and type correct spelling.
  • Click on ‘Submit’ button.

Key Concepts and Definitions

Name Change: The act of adopting a new name different from the name given at birth, marriage, or adoption.

Affidavit: A written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court. It is used in the name change process to state the reason for the change.

Gazette of India: An official government publication used for publishing name change notifications.

Laws Governing Name Change in India

The process of changing one’s name in India is governed by various laws and regulations. The Indian Constitution does not explicitly mention the right to change one’s name. However, it has been interpreted to include this right under Article 19(1)(a), which guarantees the freedom of speech and expression.

The legal process for changing your name in India involves several steps:

  1. Drafting an Affidavit: The first step is drafting an affidavit stating the reason for the name change. This document should be on stamp paper of appropriate value as per the state where you reside.
  2. Publishing a Notification in the Gazette of India: The next step is publishing a notification in the Gazette of India.
  3. Applying for a Name Change Deed: After publishing the notification, you need to apply for a name change deed.
  4. Submitting the Name Change Deed to Relevant Authorities**: The final step is submitting the deed to relevant authorities such as passport office, bank, etc., to update their records with your new name.

Common Concerns Regarding Name Change

Many people have concerns about changing their names. Some worry about the legal implications, while others are concerned about how it will affect their personal and professional lives. It’s essential to understand that changing your name is a personal decision and should be made after careful consideration.

Pros and Cons of Changing Your Name

There are several benefits to changing one’s name legally in India, such as:

  • Identity: A name change can help to establish a new identity or to reflect one’s true identity
  • Professional Advancement: A name change can also be useful for professional advancement or to create a more distinctive and memorable brand
  • Legal Recognition: A legally changed name is recognized by the government and can be used on official documents such as passports, driving licenses
  • Personal Satisfaction: A name change can provide a sense of personal satisfaction and empowerment.

FAQ Section

Q: Is it legal to change your name in India? A: Yes, it is legal to change your name in India.

Q: What is the process of changing your name in India? A: The process involves drafting an affidavit, publishing a notification in the Gazette of India, applying for a name change deed, and submitting it to relevant authorities.

Q: Can I change my entire name? A: Yes, you can change your entire name.

Q: Are there any restrictions on what I can change my name to? A: Yes, Indian law does not allow names that are obscene or offensive or those that could mislead the public by using names of famous personalities.

Q: How do I change my name on my PAN card? A: You can visit either NSDL PAN website or UTIITSL website and follow their instructions for changing your name.

Q: How do I change my name on my Aadhaar card? A: You can visit UIDAI’s Aadhaar portal and follow their instructions for changing your name.


Changing your name is a significant decision that requires careful thought and consideration. While the process may seem daunting at first glance, understanding the steps involved can make it more manageable.

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